Structure and Decision Making

After the 2010 constitutional amendments, Turkish Constitutional Court consists of 17 members. Two of these members are elected by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey among three candidates to be nominated by and from among the president and members of the Court of Accounts, for each vacant position. Similarly, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey also elects one member from among three candidates nominated by the heads of the bar associations from among self-employed lawyers. Seven members are appointed by the President of the Republic among the presidents and members of the high judiciary organs. These members are to be nominated by their respective general assemblies. Three members of the Court are also appointed by the President of the Republic among three candidates to be nominated for each vacant position by the Council of Higher Education from among members of the teaching staff in the fields of law, economics and political sciences. Finally, four of the members are directly appointed by the President of the Republic among high level executives, self-employed lawyers, first category judges and public prosecutors or rapporteur judges of the Constitutional Court.

The president and two deputy presidents of the Court are elected from among its members for a renewable term of four years.

The members of the Constitutional Court shall be elected for a term of twelve years. A member shall not be re-elected. The members of the Constitutional Court shall retire when they are over the age of sixty-five.

After the 2010 constitutional amendments, there has been an increase in the decision-making bodies of the Court. Previously, the Court used to take its decisions only in the form of plenary. However, after the introduction of the individual application, two Sections and three Commissions under each Section have been established.

The Plenary shall convene with the participation of at least twelve members. As a rule, the Plenary shall take decisions by absolute majority. However, annulment of constitutional amendments, dissolution of political parties, or their deprivation from state aid, shall be decided with a two-thirds majority of members attending the meeting.

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Turkey © 2015
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